Recognising Bed Bugs
Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are parasitic insects that feed on human blood. It is a common misconception that bed bugs are microscopic in size, adult bed bugs are in fact 5 – 7mm long, around the same size and shape as an apple seed. Before a blood meal, the adults are light coloured with a flat, oval body, and become longer, more rounded and reddish brown in colour after a blood meal. Once fully grown, the adults take blood meals repeatedly and the females can lay up to five eggs a day. As such, a bed bug infestation can quickly escalate to extreme levels.
The first sign of a bed bug infestation is usually bites to the arms, legs, or body. You may also find live or dead insects, or clusters of droplets of dried blood, which are actually the faecal droppings of the bed bugs.